November Garden Checklist

Flowers:

Sow seeds of larkspur, bachelor's buttons, sweet peas, and California poppies in full sun now to have a colorful spring show. Set out winter-hardy plants such as sweet alyssum, petunia, dianthus, and snapdragon.

Perennials:

Plant them now to add autumn color. Mexican bush sage (Salvia leucantha) has spikes of purple-and-white flowers that will wave in the wind. Pineapple sage (S. elegans) has brilliant red blooms and leaves that smell of pineapple when you brush against them. Firespike (Odontonema strictum) with its red bloom spikes is great for partial shade. Philippine violet (Barleria cristata) brightens fall days with its pretty coat of lavender flowers. The brilliant yellow blooms of swamp sunflower (Helianthus angustifolius) will stop traffic a block away. Cigar flower (Cuphea micropetala) has an abundant display of small orange-and-yellow, tubular blooms. Buy spring bulbs such as tulips and refrigerate them for eight weeks. This will help meet their chilling requirement to produce blooms in spring.

Herbs:

Anise, basil, bay laurel, borage, caraway,cardamom,chervil, chives, coriander, dill, fennel, garlic, ginger, horehound, lemon balm, lavender, lovage, marjoram, Mexican tarragon, mint, nasturtium, oregano, rosemary, sage, savory, thyme and watercress can be planted now.

Lawns:

Allow grass to go dormant from October through February. Use this time to check you mower. Resharpen blades, change the oil, and clean debris from the underside of the mower. Those who planted rye grass but did not fertilize it when planted can apply some 16-4-8 fertilizer now to give the lawn a dark green color.

Perennials:

Mulch can be helpful to keep plant roots warm during cold winters. Mulch should be loose, but close to the plant. Pine straw is a good option.

Trees:

If you are planting a new tree, staking may not be necessary. New trees become stronger if some movement is allowed. Planting too deeply causes future problems for the tree. Plant your tree so the top root is just below soil level.

Vegetables:

Both warm and cold season plants are beginning to mature. Keep crops picked to encourage new production. Water during morning hours (6AM-10AM).Hardy veggies to plant now include beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, Chinese cabbage, collards, kohlrabi, bulbing and bunching onions, radishes and spinach.

 

 

 


Broccoli

Rebecca Jordi
Horticulture Agent IV
County Extension Director
Contributing Editor
email: rljordi@ufl.edu

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